Colostrum and calories were the previous C's discussed as key elements in successful calf management. However, the physical environment is equally important to the overall well-being of the calf.
Like many birthing situations, the calving area and equipment should be clean. Similarly, when a calf is born, it should have a dry, clean, well-bedded and draft-free environment.
Unhygienic calving areas stimulate disease-causing organisms such as E-coli, Salmonella and Mycobacterium paratuberculosis, also known as Johne's disease. Calves exposed to unsanitary conditions may develop health problems resulting in higher death rates.